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About Ulaanbaatar

Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia resides on the banks of river Tuul. It was founded in 1639 as the center of Buddhism and has since grown to reflect a mix of ancient tradition, Buddhist rituals, and modern commerce and trade. It is the undisputed political, economic, and cultural hub of Mongolia. The capital is administrated in six districts (Sukhbaatar, Khan-Uul, Chingeltei, and Bayangol) and three satellite towns of Nalaikh, Baga Khangai, and Baganuur.

As of 2021, Ulaanbaatar's population was estimated at 1.615.000 residents. The first foundation stone of the future capital of Mongolia dates to 1639 at a locale in present-day Arkhangai aimag.

The history of Ulaanbaatar is divided into two periods one between 1639 - 1778 when it was moved frequently and the other one starting in 1778 when it was settled in the present site of Ulaanbaatar on the bank of the river Tuul. The capital was named Urgoo (Palace) later to become Ulaanbaatar (Red Hero).

The legendary bird - Garuda has been chosen as the emblem of the Mongolian capital and symbolizes courage and honesty, according to Mongolian beliefs. On the forehead of the Garuda are the Soyombo symbols also found on the national flag of Mongolia.

The Garuda bird is depicted holding in its right hand a key that symbolizes prosperity and openness and in the left hand – a lotus flower, a symbol of equality and purity. It is depicted holding in its feet a snake meaning that everything evil and bad will not be tolerated. The city of Ulaanbaatar has its own flag of sky blue with the Garuda bird in the center.

Gandan monastery built in the mid-19th century is the only functioning monastery where Buddhist services continued to be held even during the Communist past. It is the largest and most significant monastery in Mongolia and rightfully, one of the most interesting sights of the city.

The Migjid Janraisig Temple was closed for the past 45 years. Its recent reopening has allowed pilgrims and tourists the opportunity to view the majestic new statue of Migjid Janraisig, adorned with gold and jewels. This 80-elbow high and 20-ton work of art is an exact copy of the Janraisig statue destroyed during the purge sixty years ago.

This museum containing thousands of significant historical artifacts, nomadic herding, domestic lifestyle exhibits saddles, musical instruments, and Buddhist artwork represents the full range of Mongolian ethnic groups. It is an ideal illustrated summary of Mongolia's contemporary history.

Completed in 1904 the monastery was closed in 1938 and preserved as a museum. The Main Temple contains an impressive collection of original silk icons and some of the best Tsam (religious ceremonial) masks in the country. There are many original wooden and bronze statues of various gods some of which were created by

G. Zanabazar, the famous Mongolian sculptor.

The Art Gallery houses a huge and impressive display of unique modern Mongolian paintings and sculptures.


The Winter Palace of Bogdo Khan, built between 1893 and 1903, was home to the last king of Mongolia - Javzan Damba Hutagt VIII, head of theocracy and state. This complex of temples and houses contains hundreds of unique artifacts, artwork, and many other historical relics.

This tall landmark to the south of the city offers the best view of Ulaanbaatar and the surrounding area. Zaisan Memorial is dedicated to the Victory Day of WWII.


The Museum of Chinggis Khaan will have 15 traditional and virtual exhibition halls containing a total of 6,033 exhibit pieces and artifacts. 98.2 percent or 5,927 exhibits will be sourced domestically and 1.8 percent equal to 106 exhibits will be collected from foreign museums, libraries, and archives.

The 5,741 pieces out of the abovementioned 5,927 national exhibits are being brought for public display from 27 local organizations including state or locally-owned museums, libraries, archives, academic and educational institutions, and the treasury fund. Additional 154 new exhibits are being manufactured and 18 exhibits produced as copies of unique heritage items. 10 exhibits of scale models are being manufactured as well. The tentative opening is scheduled before Naaadam holidays. Source: www.montsame.mn

There are several international standard hotels that meet the needs of savvy and sophisticated travelers such as Shangri-La, Kempinski Khaan Palace, Holiday Inn, ibis Styles Ulaanbaatar, Novotel, Ramada, Tuushine Best Western and number of domestic boutique hotels such as Chinggis Khaan, Bayangol, Ulaanbaatar,etc. that give an authentic Mongolian flair. The accommodation sector includes guest houses, hostels, and tourist camps on the outskirts of the city.